The Cities That Built the Bible

By Robert Cargill

For many, the names Bethlehem, Babylon, and Jerusalem are often called the surroundings for epic tales from the Bible that includes rustic mangers, hovering towers, and wood crosses. What frequently will get ignored is that those towns are way over simply the atmosphere for the Bible and its characters—they have been instrumental to the production of the Bible as we all know it today.

Robert Cargill, Assistant Professor of Classics and spiritual stories on the collage of Iowa, is an archeologist, Bible student, and host of diverse tv documentaries, comparable to the background Channel sequence Bible secrets and techniques Revealed. Taking us behind-the-scenes of the Bible, Cargill blends archaeology, biblical historical past, and private trip as he explores those towns and their function within the production of the Bible. He unearths unbelievable evidence akin to what the Bible says in regards to the delivery of Jesus and the way Mary’s Virgin beginning prompted difficulties for the early church. We’ll additionally see how the God of the previous testomony was once prompted through different deities, that there have been a variety of non-biblical books written approximately Moses, Jacob, and Jesus in antiquity, and the way way more books have been disregarded of the Bible than have been allow in throughout the messy, political canonization process.

The towns That equipped the Bible is a powerful travel via fourteen towns: the Phoenicia towns of Tyre, Sidon, and Byblos, Ugarit, Nineveh, Babylon, Megiddo, Athens, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Qumran, Bethlehem, Nazareth, and Rome. alongside the way in which, Cargill contains pictures of artifacts, dig websites, ruins, and relics, taking readers on a far-reaching trip from the Grotto of the Nativity to the battlegrounds of Megiddo, from the towering Acropolis of Athens to the caves in Qumran the place the useless Sea Scrolls have been discovered.

An interesting experience via time, The towns That equipped the Bible is a clean, interesting exploration that sheds new gentle at the Bible.

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The Divine Institutes. ” In Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 7. Translated through William Fletcher and edited through Alexander Roberts, James Donaldson, and A. Cleveland Coxe. Buffalo, long island: Christian Literature, 1886. Livy: historical past of Rome, quantity I: Books I and II. Translated by means of B. O. Foster. LCL 114. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1919. Livy: heritage of Rome, quantity IV: Books VIII–X. Translated by means of B. O. Foster. LCL 191. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press, 1926. Origen of Alexandria. “Contra Celsus. ” In Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol.

Tactius: Annals, Books 13–16. Translated by means of John E. Jackson. LCL 322. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press. 1937. Tertullian. “Treatise at the Soul. ” In Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. three. Translated through Peter Holmes and edited through Alexander Roberts, James Donaldson, and A. Cleveland Coxe. Buffalo, manhattan: Christian Literature, 1885. Virgil. Aeneid. Translated through Theodore C. Williams. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1910. SCRIPTURE INDEX The pagination of this digital variation doesn't fit the variation from which it used to be created. to find a selected access, please use your ebook reader’s seek instruments.

Sixteen, that you may learn at http://www. newadvent. org/fathers/26015. htm. Others have argued that the library used to be destroyed through the 641 CE Siege of Alexandria, a part of the bigger Muslim conquest of Egypt in 642 CE; see Lerner, tale of Libraries, 30. 7. Menecles of Barca, FGrH 270, F9: “He expelled all intellectuals: philologists, philosophers, professors of geometry, musicians, painters, schoolteachers, physicians and others, with the outcome that those introduced ‘education to Greeks and barbarians elsewhere,’ as pointed out through an writer who can have been one of many king’s sufferers.

15. 29. ANET 129–42; KTU 1. 1–6. For extra, see Smith, Ugaritic Baal Cycle. One query to think of is why gods of water, particularly, Yam (the god of the ocean and rivers) and Ba‘al (the typhoon god) will be so against each other within the mythology. It can’t be an issue of salt vs. clean water, as Yam is additionally known as Ruler Naharu, or “Ruler of the River,” and for this reason principles either freshwater and saltwater. (Note that not just is yam the Hebrew be aware for “sea,” however the Hebrew cognate nahar can be the observe for “river.

Translated via Peter Holmes and edited through Alexander Roberts, James Donaldson, and A. Cleveland Coxe. Buffalo, new york: Christian Literature, 1885. Virgil. Aeneid. Translated via Theodore C. Williams. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1910. SCRIPTURE INDEX The pagination of this digital version doesn't fit the version from which it was once created. to find a particular access, please use your book reader’s seek instruments. outdated testomony Genesis, 75–76, 251, 261 1, forty, forty two 1:6–8, seventy seven 2, forty two, 50 2:14, fifty five 6–9, forty 10:21–32, seventy six 11:1–9, 76–77 11:10, seventy six 14:18–20, fifty one, 174 19, 223 28:19, 35 31:13, 35 35:7, 50 37:3, forty three Exodus, 251, 261 2:3, 146 2:8, 152 3:14, 50 13–15, 146 13:18, 146 14:2, 38 14:9, 38 15, forty 19:19, 36 20:3, forty nine 20:19–23:33, eighty one 21:23–25, eighty 21:28–29, 80–81 23:12, one hundred seventy 23:32, 24 32:4, forty nine 32:33, 173 34:13, 100–101 34:14, forty nine Leviticus, 251, 261 Numbers, 183, 251, 261 4:15, 178 5:11–31, 172 6:24–26, 182 22:41, 38 33:7, 38 Deuteronomy, 123, a hundred sixty five, 251, 261 7:2, 24 12:2–4, one hundred and one 32:8, 211 Joshua, 107, 177, 251, 261 3:16, forty 10:1, one hundred seventy five 10:23–27, one hundred seventy five 10:40, one hundred seventy five, 177 12:10, a hundred seventy five 15:8, a hundred seventy five, 181 15:63, 175–76 18:16, 181 19:38, 38 21:13, 18, 38 21:44, a hundred seventy five 24:11, one hundred seventy five Judges, 107, 154, 177, 251, 261 1:7–8, 176 1:21, 176 1:33, 38 2:39, 239 4–5, 104, a hundred and fifty five 4:9, one hundred and five 4:19, one hundred and five 5:6, 38 7, 106 9:46, 36 19–21, 223 21, 239 Ruth, 87, 222, 251, 261 4:11, 222 4:17–22, 222 I Samuel, 107, 177, 251–52, 261 9:1–2, 223 13:14, 177 16:1–13, 222 17:4, 210 17:54, 176 31:2, 106 31:8–10, 106 2 Samuel, 177, 251– fifty two, 261 five, 173, 176–77 5:2, 227 5:6–9, 173 5:11, 22 6, 177–78 6:5, 178 6:7, 178 6:11, 178 6:13, 178 6:18–19, 178 7, ninety five 7:16, eighty four 1 Kings, 107, 154, 251–52, 261 1:32–39, 184 5:1, 22 5:6, 22 5:9–11, 23 5:18, 24 6–7, 179 8:21, 179 9:26–29, 24 11:43, fifty seven 12:10, fifty seven 14:25–28, 105–6 16:30–33, 36–37 2 Kings, ninety three, 154, 251–52, 261 2:1–11, 239 8:28–9:24, 107 9–10, fifty nine 9:30–33, 107 15:19, fifty four 16:5, 149 18–20, sixty one 18:1–5, sixty one 18:7, one hundred sixty five 18:13–16, 60 18:26, sixty one 19:35, sixty three 21:1–18, 159–60 21:7, 36 22:8, one hundred sixty five 23:29–30, 107 23:30–34, ninety four 24:11–17, eighty three, eighty five, ninety three 24:18–20, 93–94 25, 225 25:1, eighty three, 93–94 25:4–7, eighty four, 93–94 25:8–12, eighty four, 93–94 25:22, eighty four, 93–94 25:23–26, 93–94 25:27–30, eighty five, 93–94 1 Chronicles, 87, 107, 251–52, 261 eleven, 173, 177 11:4–8, 173 2 Chronicles, 87, 251–52, 261 12:2–12, 106 33:1–20, 159–60 35:20–24, 107 36:22–23, ninety six Ezra, 21, 87, 157, a hundred and eighty, 251–52 1:1–4, ninety six 1:2, one hundred eighty four, 163 4:1–2, a hundred and eighty 4:3, a hundred and eighty 4:8–6:18, 181 7:12–26, 181 Nehemiah, 87, one hundred eighty, 251–52 2:5, 181 2:17, 181 Esther, 87, 154–55, 251, 259–61 activity, forty four, forty six, 251, 261 1:3, forty four 18:13, forty 22:6–9, forty four Psalms, 87, one hundred sixty, 251, 261 22, 89–90 forty four, 89 46:1–5, ninety four 60, 89 seventy four, 89 74:12–17, forty two seventy nine, 89 eighty, 89 82:1, 36, 50 eighty five, 89 ninety, 89 122:6–8, a hundred sixty five 137, ninety 145:13–14, 211 one hundred fifty, a hundred and sixty 151, 153, a hundred and sixty Proverbs, 87, 251, 261 30:19, 152 Ecclesiastes, 87, 122, 251, 261 1:1–11, 122 1:9, 113 3:18–22, 123 4:2–3, 123 6:6, 123 music of Songs, 87, 251, 261 Isaiah, seventy one, 251, 261 2:4, 197 7:1–6, 149 7:14–16, 148–49, 151–52 7:16–17, one hundred fifty 23, 17 23:13–14, 26 33:13–19, 219 33:16, 219 33:17, 219 36–39, sixty one 37:21, 151 37:30–32, 149 37:36, sixty three 44:28–45:4, ninety six 45:1, 159 51:17–18, forty five 63:2, 146 Jeremiah, seventy one, 87, ninety three, 251, 261 1:16, ninety five 3:16–17, 179 5:19, ninety five 7:4, sixty three, ninety four 7:5–6, 94–95 7:8, ninety four 10:11, 156 12:6, ninety five 20:2, ninety five 22:16, ninety five 25–29, ninety three 27:8, ninety four 32–44, ninety three 35:17, ninety five 36:4, ninety three, 156 36:18, ninety three 36:23, ninety five 38:6, ninety five 38:17–18, ninety four 38:20–23, ninety four 39:1–10, ninety three 40:7–41:18, ninety three 44:30, eighty three 46:2, eighty three 52:4–16, ninety three Lamentations, seventy one, 86–88, ninety three, 251 1:8, 88 1:18, 88 1:22, 88 3:22–24, 88 5:20–22, 89 Ezekiel, seventy one, 251, 261 14:14, 20, forty six 27:17, 24 28:3, forty six 28:6–8, 25 28:22–23, 25 Daniel, 21, forty six, 87, ninety one, ninety three, 116, a hundred twenty five, 154, 157, 251, 261 1:7, 157 2–7, ninety one three, ninety two, 157–58 6, ninety two eight, 116 8:1–2, 116 8:1–8, ninety two 8:3–4, 117 8:5–8, 117 8:9–12, ninety two, 118 8:13–14, 118 12:1, 173 Hosea, 251 11:1, 227 Joel, 251 Amos, 251 Obadiah, 251 Jonah, fifty three, 251 1:2, sixty four 3:2, sixty four 3:4, sixty four 3:10, sixty five 4:1, sixty five 4:9–11, sixty five Micah, 251 5:2 (5:1 HB), 224, 226–27 Nahum, 251 2:7–10, sixty seven 3:1–7, sixty eight Habakkuk, 251 2:5, forty Zephaniah, 251 1:4–5, sixty six 2:13–15, fifty three Haggai, 251 Zechariah, 251 9:9, 184 Malachi, 251 NEW testomony Matthew, 152, 185, 218, 225–28, 230, 232, 254–55 1–2, 245 1:22–23, 148 2:1, 226, 231 2:6, 227 2:11, 227 2:15–16, 227 2:16–18, 243 2:31, 231 11:20–24, 26 12:41, sixty six 15:21–28, 27 22:25–28, 154 27:59–60, 191 Mark, 148, 185, 225, 254–55 7:24, 27 7:26–30, 27 11:1–11, 185 11:2–3, 185 11:7–10, 185 thirteen, 245 15:25, 186 Luke, 185–86, 218, 225–28, 232, 253–55 1–2, 245 1:5, 231 1:26, 228 1:27, 148, 228 1:34, 148 1:39, 228 2:1–5, 228, 230 2:4, 228, 230 2:7, 231 2:25–35, 231 2:36–38, 231 2:39, 230, 231 10:13–15, 26 11:32, sixty six 22:15, 186 John, 122, 148, 186, 225, 254–55, 260 4:20, 178 19:31, 186 Acts of the Apostles, 254–55, 261 nine, 240 9:3–9, 128 13:22, 177 15:2, 240 17, 113, 131 17:16–34, 129 17:18, 119–20 17:19, 129 17:22–23, 129 17:24, a hundred thirty 17:25, one hundred thirty 17:26, one hundred thirty 17:28, 130–31 17:29, 132 25:24, 128 26:14–15, 128 Romans, 235, 247, 255 2:14, 127 sixteen, 249 1 Corinthians, 255 1:18–31, 126 8:4, forty nine 9:24, 127 13:12, 121 15:33, 126 2 Corinthians, 255 Galatians, 255 1, 248 5:23, 127 Ephesians, 255 Philippians, 255 1:21, 127 4:3, 172 Colossians, 255 2:8, 126 1 Thessalonians, 255 four, 248 5:15, 127 2 Thessalonians, 255 1 Timothy, 255 2 Timothy, 255 Titus, 255 1:12, 126 Philemon, 254–55 Hebrews, 252–56, 261 1:3, 121 James, 255, 261 1 Peter, 254–55, 261 2 Peter, 254–55, 261 2:4, 124 1 John, 254–55, 261 2 John, 254–55, 261 three John, 254–55, 261 Jude, 254–55, 257, 261 Revelation, 10, 107, 109, 172, 245, 254–56, 258, 260–61 16:12–16, 108 16:14, ninety nine 16:16, ninety nine, 108 17:5, seventy two, ninety eight 18:21, ninety eight APOCRYPHA / different SCRIPTURES Tobit, fifty three, 153–55, 261 3:8, 154 6:14, 154 Judith, 153, a hundred and fifty five, 260–61 1:1, fifty seven thirteen, 260 Additions Esther, 153, 155–56 knowledge of Solomon, 153, 156, 254–55, 261 Sirach, 153, 156, 251, 255, 261 Prologue, 141 13:15, 251 Baruch, 153, 156, 259–60 Letter of Jeremiah, 153, 156, 259–60 20–23, 157 Prayer of Azariah and the tune of the 3 Jews, ninety two, 153, 157–58 Susana, ninety two, 153, 158, 255 forty eight, 158 Bel and the Dragon, ninety two, 153, 158 1, 159 28, ninety seven 31–42, ninety two forty-one, ninety seven, 159 1 Maccabees, 153, 161, 255, 261 2 Maccabees, 153, 161, 255, 261 1 Esdras, 153, 163, 260–61 4:42–63, ninety seven 2 Esdras, 153, 163, 260–61 1–2 (5 Ezra), 163 3–14 (4 Ezra), 163 15–16 (6 Ezra), 163 Prayer of Manasseh, 153, 159 three Maccabees, 153, 161–62 5–6, 162 four Maccabees, 153, 162 1:8, 162 1:13, 162 topic INDEX The pagination of this digital variation doesn't fit the variation from which it used to be created.

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