A Paradise Lost: The Imperial Garden Yuanming Yuan (China Academic Library)

This e-book is geared toward readers and researchers who're drawn to chinese language backyard structure, the increase and fall of Yuanming Yuan and the historical past of the Qing dynasty. it's the first accomplished examine of the palatial backyard complicated in a Western language, and is abundantly illustrated with images and unique drawings. Young-tsu Wong s attractive writing variety brings "the backyard of ideal brightness" to lifestyles as he leads readers on a grand travel of its structure and history.

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Taking a look southward from the wintry weather Room, the drowsing Cloud Gallery might be visible sitting on a tiny isle and making a dramatic view. additional south from the gallery used to be a wide plot of hilly land, approximately fifteen acres. On most sensible of anyone of the 5–to-6–meterhigh hills, lake perspectives should be loved on each side. South of this hilly land stood the secluded oblong compound of a Lama Buddhist temple known as the Temple of Enlightenment (Zhengjue Si), which occupied much one hundred fifty via eighty sq. meters. It used to be composed of 3 major layers of courtroom for worshipping Buddha with a separate entrance door commencing to the south.

To the east of the Peacock Cage rose a hugely embellished gate within the middle of a half-moon wall enclosing a carved white marble fountain. additional north towards the top of the courtyard was once the doorway of the Flower backyard (Huayuan Men), which led right into a huge Maze (Migong). The maze was once a eu idea. one of many earliest mazes used to be close to Lake Moeris in Egypt. It was once the tomb designed via King Amenenhat III within the twenty-third century b. c. Mazes seemed as backyard embellishes in overdue fifteenth century a.

Prior to lengthy, on might 24, the emperor back to the positioning and threw a picnic social gathering together with his entourage on the Double Cranes Chapel. Tongzhi’s defiance heightened the uneasiness and nervousness of the royal relations. in the meantime, o‰cials from quite a few areas additionally voiced their competition to the reconstruction of the Yuanming Yuan. for example, in his memorial dated July thirteen, 1874, Li Zongxi, the governor-general of Liangjiang (Jiangsu and Jiangxi provinces) made severe issues. First, the Yuanming Yuan, whether absolutely renovated, could not be secure for royal residing as long as the possibility from the West remained.

FA N G H E eight N  | structure awarded through one of many Jesuits. Fountains are an historic Western excitement that grew to become incredibly renowned in seventeenth-century France and Italy. to make certain, there have been already a number of fountains within the unique Yuanming Yuan, comparable to the Sounds of wooden and Water, yet none had nice value. it's attainable that the Italian and French Jesuit fathers on the Qianlong court docket attempted to provoke the emperor with nice Western fountains. The emperor requested Father Giuseppe Castiglione (1688–1766, Lang Shining in Chinese), a Milano-born Jesuit artist who arrived in China in 1715 on the age of twenty-seven, to attract photos of Italian and French palaces and fountains to be inbuilt the everlasting Spring backyard.

Additionally, there have been quite a few Buddhist priests and Daoist monks dwelling and dealing within the Yuanming Yuan, and their numbers additionally rose with consistent additions of temples and shrines to the imperial backyard. a number of the clergymen and monks looked to be very younger. for example, in 1753, Qianlong by the way came across twenty boy clergymen in a Daoist temple. The unforeseen discovery made the emperor believe that the variety of clergymen and clergymen within the backyard used to be possibly over the top and hence suggested a significant reduce (YMYA 1991, 1:71–72).

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